In order to achieve the overall goals as stated under "Main objectives" the SMART-MOVE project is devided in sub-projects or work packages, which are related to and dependend on each other.
The schematic in the above figure shows the interconnected project components based on an underlying workflow. This framework was defined to guide the implementation phase of the SMART projects into a conclusive, well structured IWRM implementation process.
While all components in the above schematic are refered to as work packages (WP) the SALAM component stands somewhat away, although not in its significance. In fact, SALAM is a sub-project within SMART-MOVE. While the original SMART-MOVE project stresses the IWRM approach for today in the limits of the Lower Jorday Valley, the SALAM sub-project extents or widens the focus also to the close future by considering other or new water resources in its neighborhood towards a regional water strategy. An overview on the SALAM work packages is provided in the respective sub-menue point "SALAM".
WP 1 Water Resources Variability and data management
As emphasized under "Main objectives" the generalized IWRM implementation concept is targeting on representative chatchment clusters. Those clusters have been selected on both, the western (Cluster West, Jericho-Auja) and eastern (Cluster East, Deir Alla) side of the Lower Jordan valley. The hydrologic variabilities in these clusters are studied for example with the help of high time-resolution telemetric systems to create the necessary data that are needed to implement any kind of tools of water resources management.
WP 1 contains also a dedicated data management sub-package, because the continuous generation of high resolution data can only be mastered by efficient data transmitting and intelligent database storage.
Beside the required installation of IWRM related infrastructure and environmental technology mathematical models are integral part of WP 1 as they are one of the main foundations for any kind of management of the natural water resources and the interference with artificial processes like (treated) waste water infiltration, artificial groundwater recharge or other processes. Only if the natural system that affects the relevant components of the natural water resources are understood suffiently sustainable water resources management measures can be applied. Beside two models that are developed based on the cluster level, the work package will produce also a transient transboundary groundwater model for the Lower Jordan valley.
WP 2 Storage and Desalination
In this work package three kinds of natural water resources (surface runoff, spring water, brackish water) that are currently not or not fully utilized are targeted by facilities planning for managed aquifer recharge (MAR), surface storage, and desalination in the two cluster areas defined in WP 1. Once fully implemented these measures will increase the usable volume of natural water resources significantly. For example, surface runoff water that is generated only in winter in the mountain areas when demand is lowest, quickly flows down to the Jordan valley where it usually dissipates unused. If properely catched and stored this becomes a high potential water source in summer when demand is peaking. The already set-up brackish water desalination pilot plant in Karameh is assessed for decision on further actions. The socio-economic impacts resulting from these technological management measures are evaluated.
WP 3 Waste Water Management toward Groundwater Protection
This work package extends the coverage of manageable water resources to the waste water component that in many cases is still released to unprotected land, thus improving groundwater protection in the cluster area substantially. In order to make waste water management applicable for the region, certified decentralized waste water treatment technologies are developed and optimized with regards to both, cost-effiency and groundwater protection. A roll-out investment project for the regional implementation of decentralized waste water treatment systems is implemented at the Fuheis site.
WP 4 Water Resources Planning
Alternatives for water plans at catchment cluster level that are adaptive and resilient to the highly variable hydrological conditions characterized in WP 1 are developed and assessed. The measures for improved system planning and management are delineated likewise. Additional assessment, comparisment, and ranking is carried out to evaluate the social, economic and environmental impacts that the alternatives would impose on the cluster level. The key focus of this work package is to tackle the challenge in creating water development plans, taking the highly fluctuating and extreme hydrological conditions (both spatial and temporal) of the region into account. Such water plans would contribute substantially to the sustainable utilization of water resources and limit the adverse impacts, both, socio-economically and environmentally as a result of the hydrological fluctuations and extreme events.
WP 5 IWRM Implementation
In this work package implementation concepts and guidelines are created in cooperation with the local key decision holders with respect to the different IWRM components and technologies that are applied to the different clusters and sites in the Lower Jordan valley.
WP 6 Knowledge Transfer and Dissemination
The agenda of this work package is to transfer and disseminate knowledge firstly through a capacity development program and secondly through this web-site. The capacity development program includes (a) technical training on monitoring devices and a documentation by handooks and instruction guidelines and (b) different workshops and other knowledge transfer measures on different aspects of water resources management on different levels including decision makers in the field of waste water management.
WP 7 Knowledge Transfer and Dissemination
All aspects of a proper project management are concentrated in this work package including organization of consortium and work meeting, reporting, or communication with the BMBF authorities.